Kirtan Sohila PDF Free Download


Kirtan Sohila, also known as “Sohila Sahib” or “Sohila Path,” holds immense significance in the Sikh faith as one of the five Banis (prayers) recited by Sikhs during their daily spiritual practice. Comprising of three hymns, each written by different Sikh Gurus, this beautiful prayer is considered a sacred journey that fosters a deep connection with the Divine. In this comprehensive exploration of Kirtan Sohila, we will delve into its historical background, the essence of its verses, the spiritual significance it holds for Sikhs, its melodic recitation, and its role in shaping a devoted Sikh’s life.

Historical Background:

The roots of Kirtan Sohila can be traced back to the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of Sikhism. The first stanza, authored by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, sets the spiritual tone for the prayer. It emphasizes the omnipresence of the Creator, reflecting on the divine contemplation of day and night.

The second stanza is a composition of Guru Ram Das Ji, the fourth Sikh Guru. It sings praises of the Divine attributes, acknowledging the infinite qualities of the Creator. Guru Ram Das Ji’s hymn encourages devotees to meditate even for an instant, as such a moment of spiritual connection with the Divine is never forgotten.

The third stanza is contributed by Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Sikh Guru. It emphasizes the significance of devotion and surrender, recognizing that ignorance leads to darkness, and sinfulness should be avoided.

Essence of Kirtan Sohila:

A tapestry of verses that weave together gratitude, humility, and the acknowledgment of the transient nature of life. It serves as a spiritual compass, guiding Sikhs to lead a life of love, compassion, and service.

The first stanza sets the stage for spiritual reflection by acknowledging the Creator’s role in establishing the cycle of day and night. It encourages devotees to contemplate the Divine throughout their waking hours, understanding the interconnectedness of the cosmos.

In the second stanza, Sikhs express their deep admiration for the Divine qualities, understanding that the Creator’s presence is all-encompassing. The hymn motivates Sikhs to seek even a moment of meditation, recognizing its enduring impact on the soul.

The third stanza, with its focus on devotion and surrender, serves as a reminder to shun ignorance and sinful actions. It encourages Sikhs to strive for spiritual awakening and detachment from worldly temptations.

Spiritual Significance:

Kirtan Sohila is not merely a prayer but a spiritual journey that offers Sikhs a profound connection with the Divine. Its recitation before bedtime signifies a sense of gratitude for the day that has passed and an expression of trust in the Creator’s protection during the night.

This sacred prayer serves as a spiritual shield, enveloping devotees in a divine embrace and protecting them from fear and negative energies. Sikhs believe that reciting Kirtan Sohila instills peace and tranquility, calming the mind before restful sleep.

Melodic Recitation:

The singing of sacred hymns, known as Gurbani Kirtan, is an integral part of Sikh worship. Kirtan Sohila is often recited melodiously, creating an enchanting and serene ambiance in Gurdwaras (Sikh places of worship) and Sikh homes alike. The melodic rendition adds to the prayer’s impact, enhancing the spiritual experience and drawing devotees closer to the Divine.

Role in Sikh Daily Practice:

Kirtan Sohila is an integral part of a Sikh’s daily spiritual practice. After taking a cleansing shower, Sikhs sit down in a serene environment, light a lamp, and recite the prayer with devotion and focus. This practice fosters a deep sense of discipline, mindfulness, and connection with the Creator.

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Sikhs view Kirtan Sohila as a sacred time of reflection and spiritual rejuvenation. It allows them to contemplate their actions throughout the day, express gratitude for blessings, seek forgiveness for shortcomings, and surrender to the Divine will.

Life Lessons and Values:

Through the verses of Kirtan Sohila, Sikhs learn essential life lessons and values. Gratitude is at the core of this prayer, reminding Sikhs to be thankful for both pleasant and challenging experiences, as they offer opportunities for spiritual growth.

The hymns emphasize the importance of humility, acknowledging the greatness of the Divine and understanding the insignificance of the self. Sikhs are encouraged to lead a life of service, compassion, and selflessness.

Key Quotes from Kirtan Sohila

  • “ਰਾਤਿ ਪਹਰੁ ਥਾਪਿ ਥਾਪਿ ਰਖਿਓ ਤਾਹਿ ਨੀਸਾਣੀ ਸੁਆਮੀ ॥” Translation: “You created the day and the night; having established these, You sit in contemplation.”
  • “ਸਿਰੀਰਾਗੁ ਮਹਲਾ ੫ ਘਰੁ ੫ ॥ ਛੰਤੁ ਨਿਮਖ ਨ ਵਿਸਰਸਿ ਕੋਈ ॥” Translation: “Siree Raag, Fifth Mehl, Fifth House: Even an instant’s meditation on the Lord is never forgotten.”
  • “ਮੂਰਖ ਅੰਧੇਰ ਸੁ ਬਿਧਿ ਖਲੀ ਐਸੀ ਜਾ ਕਉ ਕਰਿ ਸਨਮੁਖਿ ਪਰਾਧੀ ॥” Translation: “The fool wanders in darkness; he commits such sins as make people talk about him.”

Kirtan Sohila in Sikh Ceremonies:

Kirtan Sohila plays a pivotal role in Sikh wedding ceremonies known as “Anand Karaj.” It is recited the night before the wedding, symbolizing the union of the bride and groom with the Divine. The prayer blesses the couple and sets them on a sacred path of love and spiritual companionship.

Impact on Sikh Devotees:

For Sikh practitioners, Kirtan Sohila holds a special place in their hearts. Its recitation instills a deep sense of peace, comfort, and protection. Devotees find solace in knowing that the Creator is with them throughout the night, providing guidance and safeguarding them from harm.

The prayer’s emphasis on humility and devotion motivates Sikhs to lead a life of love, compassion, and selflessness. It encourages them to live in harmony with the Divine will, embracing life’s challenges with grace and surrendering to the Creator’s plan.

FAQs about Kirtan Sohila

Que – Why is Kirtan Sohila recited before sleep?

Ans- Kirtan Sohila is recited before sleep to express gratitude for the day and seek protection during the night. It serves as a reminder of the transient nature of life and prepares the practitioner for a restful and peaceful sleep.

Que – Can Kirtan Sohila be recited at other times of the day?

Ans- While Kirtan Sohila is traditionally recited before sleep, there are no restrictions on reciting it at other times of the day. Many Sikhs also recite it during special occasions, meditation sessions, or to seek solace during challenging times.

Que – Is Kirtan Sohila recited during Sikh weddings only?

Ans- Though Kirtan Sohila is an essential part of the Anand Karaj, the Sikh wedding ceremony, it is not limited to weddings. Sikhs recite it daily as part of their spiritual practice.

Que – Are there any specific rituals associated with reciting Kirtan Sohila?

Ans- There are no strict rituals associated with reciting Kirtan Sohila. However, Sikhs typically wash their hands and face before sitting down in a peaceful environment to recite the prayer with reverence.


Kirtan Sohila is a poetic and spiritually enriching prayer that resonates deeply with Sikhs worldwide. Its verses encapsulate the essence of Sikh spirituality, emphasizing gratitude, humility, and surrender to the Divine. Through its melodic recitation, Sikhs find peace, solace, and protection, making Kirtan Sohila an integral part of their daily spiritual journey. This sacred prayer continues to inspire and guide Sikhs, fostering a profound connection with the Creator and encouraging a life of love, service, and devotion.

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