Jawaharlal Nehru An Autobiography PDF Free Download
In the annals of history, few leaders have left as indelible a mark as Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. His life was a tapestry of political struggle, intellectual pursuits, and unwavering commitment to the cause of India’s independence. Through the pages of his autobiography, we get a glimpse into the mind and heart of this remarkable statesman. In this article, we will explore the life and times of Jawaharlal Nehru as portrayed in his autobiography.
Early Life and Education
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad, India, into a prominent political family. His father, Motilal Nehru, was a renowned lawyer and a key figure in the Indian National Congress. Nehru’s early years were marked by a privileged upbringing and a quality education in some of the finest institutions in India and abroad.
Nehru’s quest for knowledge took him to England, where he studied at Harrow School and later at Trinity College, Cambridge. His time abroad exposed him to the ideas of liberalism, socialism, and the struggle for self-determination, which would greatly influence his political philosophy.
The Freedom Struggle
Influence of Mahatma Gandhi
Upon returning to India, Nehru became deeply involved in the Indian freedom struggle. His encounter with Mahatma Gandhi was transformative, and he embraced Gandhi’s nonviolent methods and principles of civil disobedience. This marked the beginning of a lifelong partnership in the fight for independence.
Role in the Indian National Congress
Nehru’s eloquence and leadership skills earned him a prominent role in the Indian National Congress. He played a crucial role in shaping the party’s policies and strategies, working alongside other stalwarts like Sardar Patel and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
The Road to Independence
Nehru’s autobiography delves into the crucial moments of India’s struggle for independence. He recounts the historic events, including the Quit India Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement, which galvanized the nation.
Nehru’s commitment to the cause led to several stints in British jails. His writings from prison, as documented in his autobiography, provide a window into the resilience and spirit of a leader undeterred by adversity.
Becoming India’s First Prime Minister
The Dawn of Independence
With India finally achieving independence in 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru became the nation’s first Prime Minister. His vision for a democratic and secular India set the tone for the young nation’s future.
Also Read This : The Indian Struggle
Legacy and Impact
Foreign Policy and Non-Alignment
Nehru’s foreign policy of non-alignment, championing peaceful coexistence during the Cold War, earned India respect on the global stage. His role in shaping India’s foreign relations remains a defining aspect of his legacy.
Nehru’s commitment to education led to the establishment of premier institutions like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs). His emphasis on scientific temper laid the foundation for India’s technological progress.
In his autobiography, Jawaharlal Nehru provides readers with a personal and insightful account of the tumultuous journey towards India’s independence and the subsequent challenges of nation-building. His legacy as a visionary leader, a staunch advocate for democracy, and a symbol of India’s rich heritage endures to this day.
Que: What is the title of Jawaharlal Nehru’s autobiography?
Ans: Jawaharlal Nehru’s autobiography is titled “The Discovery of India.”
Que: What were Nehru’s major contributions to India’s foreign policy?
Ans: Nehru’s major contributions included the policy of non-alignment and the promotion of peaceful coexistence during the Cold War.
Que: How did Nehru’s education abroad influence his political views?
Ans: Nehru’s education in England exposed him to liberal and socialist ideas, which influenced his political philosophy and commitment to India’s freedom struggle.
Que: What is Nehru’s role in the establishment of educational institutions in India?
Ans: Nehru played a pivotal role in establishing institutions like the IITs and IIMs, emphasizing the importance of education and scientific temper.