Edipo Rey PDF Free Download



In the realm of timeless literary classics, “Edipo Rey,” also known as “Oedipus Rex,” holds a prominent position. This tragic play, written by the ancient Greek playwright Sophocles, delves into the intricacies of fate, prophecy, and human nature. Set in the city of Thebes, the play follows the journey of Oedipus, a man fated to fulfill a grim prophecy that unveils the complexities of destiny, free will, and the human condition.

The Enigmatic Prophecy

The story kicks off with a prophecy that predicts Oedipus will murder his father and marry his mother. Horrified by the prospect, Oedipus flees his home in Corinth, believing he can escape his fate. Here we witness the power of destiny – the more he tries to avoid it, the closer he comes to fulfilling it.

The Challenging Journey

Oedipus arrives in Thebes and finds the city plagued by a deadly curse. Demonstrating his determination and leadership, he vows to unravel the truth behind the curse’s cause. This mission propels the narrative forward, showcasing Oedipus’ relentless pursuit of knowledge and justice.

Unveiling the Truth

As Oedipus investigates further, the layers of his own identity and the curse’s origin intertwine. With every revelation, the audience becomes increasingly aware of the tragic irony that Oedipus unknowingly fulfills the prophecy he tried so hard to avoid. This highlights the theme of fate’s inescapable grip on human life.

The Fall of Hubris

Oedipus’ journey also serves as a cautionary tale against hubris. His initial hubris, believing he can outwit destiny, ultimately leads to his downfall. The audience witnesses his transformation from a confident and assertive king to a humbled and broken man, serving as a reminder of the dangers of excessive pride.

The Role of Characters

The play’s diverse characters contribute to its depth and impact. Jocasta, Oedipus’ mother and wife, adds layers to the narrative as she struggles to reconcile her actions with the prophecy. Tiresias, the blind prophet, serves as the voice of truth, highlighting the consequences of uncovering painful realities.

Themes Resonating Through Time

“Edipo Rey” transcends its ancient origins, resonating with audiences across centuries. Themes of fate, identity, and the search for truth remain universally relevant. The play prompts viewers to reflect on their own lives, choices, and the balance between destiny and personal agency.

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Impact on Literature

Sophocles’ masterpiece has left an indelible mark on the literary world. It pioneered the use of dramatic irony, wherein the audience knows more than the characters, creating tension and emotional engagement. The play’s exploration of human psychology laid the foundation for many subsequent works that delve into the complexities of the human mind.


“Edipo Rey” is a compelling tale that continues to captivate audiences with its exploration of fate, identity, and the human experience. Through its timeless themes and intricately woven narrative, it invites introspection and contemplation of the delicate balance between destiny and the choices we make.


1. Is “Edipo Rey” the same as “Oedipus Rex”?

Q: Yes, “Edipo Rey” is the Spanish title for “Oedipus Rex.”

2. What is the significance of the prophecy in the play?

Q: The prophecy sets the course of events in motion and serves as a central theme, exploring the interplay between fate and free will.

3. How does Oedipus’ hubris contribute to his downfall?

Q: Oedipus’ excessive pride leads him to believe he can evade fate, which ironically leads him to fulfill the prophecy he fears.

4. What impact did “Edipo Rey” have on later literature?

Q: The play’s innovative use of dramatic irony and psychological exploration influenced countless works that followed, shaping the development of drama and storytelling.

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